The development of ultrathin flat lenses has revolutionized the lens technologies and holds great promise for miniaturizing the conventional lens system in integrated photonic applications. In certain applications, the lenses are required to operate in harsh and/or extreme environments, for example aerospace, chemical, and biological environments. Under such circumstances, it is critical that the ultrathin flat lenses can be resilient and preserve their outstanding performance. However, the majority of the demonstrated ultrathin flat lenses are based on metal or semiconductor materials that have poor chemical, thermal, and UV stability, which limit their applications. Herein, we experimentally demonstrate a graphene ultrathin flat lens that can be applied in harsh environments for different applications, including a low Earth orbit space environment, strong corrosive chemical environments (pH = 0 and pH = 14), and biochemical environment. The graphene lenses have extraordinary environmental stability and can maintain a high level of structural integrity and outstanding focusing performance under different test conditions. Thus, it opens tremendous practical application opportunities for ultrathin flat lenses.
This paper was titled “Resilient Graphene Ultrathin Flat Lens in Aerospace, Chemical, and Biological Harsh Environments” and published on ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. The first author is Dr. Guiyuan Cao.